Anand Sukumaran Nair

Startup Founder, Software Engineer, Abstract thinker
Co-founder, Engineering @ Engagespot

Benchmarking Results - Rust, C++. Go, Node, PHP, Python, Ruby

Mar 25, 2023

Out of curiosity, I did a benchmark of different programming languages - Rust, C++. Go, Node, PHP, Python, Ruby. The program I used for this benchmark is to find the sum of first 1 Million integers, ie 1 to 1000000.

The code

This is the pseudo code I implemented in each of the language below to find the sum of first 1 million numbers.

1. Start
2. Set a variable "sum" to 0
3. Set a variable "counter" to 1
4. Read value of n from stdin
5. While "counter" is less than or equal to n:
    6. Add "counter" to "sum"
    7. Increment "counter" by 1
8. Display the value of "sum"
9. End

The code was executed in Macbook M1 Air (16GB RAM).


The results are surprising.

LanguageExecution Time (ms)
Ruby 3.1.2p2048.687
PHP 8.2.413.74
Python (Pypy - 7.3.11)7.975
Node v18.14.03.989
C++ (clang-1400.0.29.202)3.504
Rust (rustc 1.68.0)0.000334
C++ with O optimization flag0.00025

[Re-test] With compiler optimization for g++

The significant performance of Rust in this case is because it performed the summing operation during compile time itself (read Constant Folding). The same wasn’t enabled during compilation using g++. After enabling g++ -O compiler optimization, C++ execution time went down to 0.00025ms

But still, is this comparison fair?

One could argue that, comparing compiled languages with interpreted languages is unfair in this case because the sum is already computed at compile time and hence doesn’t actually reflect the true run-time performance of Rust, Go and C++. That is true. It is just as if we’re saving the sum in a constant and prints it to screen.

So, I updated the program to accept a dynamic input from stdin and performed the test again. The result is -

LanguageExecution Time (ms)
Ruby 3.1.2p2049.47
PHP 8.2.413.74
Python (Pypy - 7.3.11)7.975
Node v18.14.03.989
Rust (rustc 1.68.0)1.547
C++ (clang-1400.0.29.202)1.029

This benchmark reflects the true runtime performance the three compiled languages. As expected, execution time of interpreted languages remained unchanged.